Captain Jacks Stronghold Trail

Lava Beds National Monument
Located 9.1 miles from Tulelake, California (CA)
4 Stars
2,213 Steps 1  (1.0 mi)

Kintpuash, also known as Captain Jack, was a hereditary chief of the Modoc Indians who gained notoriety with the US Army during the 1872-1873 Modoc war. The Captain Jack's Stronghold Trail is a popular interpretive loop trail, divided into two sections, the Long Trail and the Short Trail; both trails guide the visitor through the rough terrain of the natural lava rock defenses used by the Modoc. This page describes the long trail. The entrance to the trail starts as a paved trail suitable for wheelchairs but continues as a dirt trail which is quite rough and rocky at places. There are picnic benches in a shaded location and pit toilets at the parking lot.

Captain Jacks Stronghold TrailCaptain Jacks MemorialCaptain Jacks Trailhead


The Captain Jacks Stronghold Trail has a maximum elevation of 4,131 ft (1,259 m), a minimum elevation of 4,053 ft (1,235 m), and an elevation range of 78 ft (24 m).


[ A to B ] or [ B to A ]
Steps 1Length 2Min Ele 3Max Ele 4
2,2131.0 mi4,053 ft4,131 ft
[ A to B ]
Time 5Floors 6Gain 7Loss 8
29 min5.768 ft39 ft
[ B to A ]
28 min3.239 ft68 ft

What is the length of the Captain Jacks Stronghold Trail?

The length of the trail is 1.0 mi (1.6 km) or 2,213 steps.

How long does it take to hike the Captain Jacks Stronghold Trail?

A person in good physical health can hike the trail in 29 min in the [ A to B ] direction, and in 28 min in the [ B to A ] direction.


The following chart shows the total calories that you may expend on the trail while hiking in the [ A to B ] and [ B to A ] direction at a typical speed and is based on gross weight (which includes anything carried), the topography, trail length and trail conditions.

Topo Maps

Download the free Captain Jacks Stronghold Trail topo map and the adjoining quads to plan your hike. These are full-sheet, 7.5 Minute (1:24,000 scale) Lava Beds National Monument topographic maps. Do you want full-sheet outdoor recreation JPEG Topo Maps?

Adjoining 7.5' Quadrangle Legend

  1. Northwest Topo Map: Hatfield, CA
  2. North Topo Map: Tulelake, CA
  3. Northeast Topo Map: Newell, CA
  4. West Topo Map: Captain Jacks Stronghold, CA
  5. Topo Map: The Panhandle, CA
  6. East Topo Map: Copic, CA
  7. Southwest Topo Map: Schonchin Butte, CA
  8. South Topo Map: Caldwell Butte, CA
  9. Southeast Topo Map: Perez, CA

Is there a Captain Jacks Stronghold trail map?

Yes, and they're free! The Captain Jacks Stronghold Trail is located on the The Panhandle and Captain Jacks Stronghold topo maps. Use the adjoining quadrangle legend to download the maps.



  1. Steps is a unit of distance equal to the sum of stride lengths that vary with the terrain.
  2. Length is the distance of the trail between the two trailheads, measured on the trail.
  3. Min Ele is the minimum elevation on the trail.
  4. Max Ele is the maximum elevation on the trail.
  5. Time is the typical total time required to hike the trail.
  6. Floors is the gain divided by twelve, the height of one floor.
  7. Gain (cumulative elevation gain) is the sum of every gain in elevation.
  8. Loss (cumulative elevation loss) is the sum of every loss in elevation.